Dynamique de l’organisation intra-cellulaire

Publications de l’équipe

Année de publication : 2002

Franck Perez, Karin Pernet-Gallay, Clément Nizak, Holly V Goodson, Thomas E Kreis, Bruno Goud (2002 Feb 21)

CLIPR-59, a new trans-Golgi/TGN cytoplasmic linker protein belonging to the CLIP-170 family.

The Journal of cell biology : 631-42 En savoir plus
Résumé

The microtubule cytoskeleton plays a fundamental role in cell organization and membrane traffic in higher eukaryotes. It is well established that molecular motors are involved in membrane-microtubule interactions, but it has also been proposed that nonmotor microtubule-binding (MTB) proteins known as CLIPs (cytoplasmic linker proteins) have basic roles in these processes. We report here the characterization of CLIPR-59, a CLIP-170-related protein localized to the trans-most part of the Golgi apparatus. CLIPR-59 contains an acidic region followed by three ankyrin-like repeats and two CLIP-170-related MTB motifs. We show that the 60-amino acid-long carboxy-terminal domain of CLIPR-59 is necessary and sufficient to achieve Golgi targeting, which represents the first identification of a membrane targeting domain in a CLIP-170-related protein. The MTB domain of CLIPR-59 is functional because it localizes to microtubules when expressed as a fragment in HeLa cells. However, our results suggest that this domain is normally inhibited by the presence of adjacent domains, because neither full-length CLIPR-59 nor a CLIPR-59 mutant missing its membrane-targeting region localize to microtubules. Consistent with this observation, overexpression of CLIPR-59 does not affect the microtubule network. However, CLIPR-59 overexpression strongly perturbs early/recycling endosome-TGN dynamics, implicating CLIPR-59 in the regulation of this pathway.

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Année de publication : 1999

F Perez, G S Diamantopoulos, R Stalder, T E Kreis (1999 Mar 3)

CLIP-170 highlights growing microtubule ends in vivo.

Cell : 517-27 En savoir plus
Résumé

A chimera with the green fluorescent protein (GFP) has been constructed to visualize the dynamic properties of the endosome-microtubule linker protein CLIP170 (GFP-CLIP170). GFP-CLIP170 binds in stretches along a subset of microtubule ends. These fluorescent stretches appear to move with the growing tips of microtubules at 0.15-0.4 microm/s, comparable to microtubule elongation in vivo. Analysis of speckles along dynamic GFP-CLIP170 stretches suggests that CLIP170 treadmills on growing microtubule ends, rather than being continuously transported toward these ends. Drugs affecting microtubule dynamics rapidly inhibit movement of GFP-CLIP170 dashes. We propose that GFP-CLIP170 highlights growing microtubule ends by specifically recognizing the structure of a segment of newly polymerized tubulin.

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