Analyse intégrative de l’activation des lymphocytes T

Publications de l’équipe

Année de publication : 2000

E Meinl, D Lengenfelder, N Blank, R Pirzer, L Barata, C Hivroz (2000 Oct 18)

Differential requirement of ZAP-70 for CD2-mediated activation pathways of mature human T cells.

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) : 3578-83 En savoir plus
Résumé

This study addresses the role of the tyrosine kinase ZAP-70 in CD2-mediated T cell activation. Patients lacking ZAP-70 have few mature CD8+ T cells and high numbers of CD4+ T cells that are nonfunctional upon TCR triggering. Such a patient with a homozygous deletion in the zap-70 gene that resulted in the complete absence of ZAP-70 protein expression has been identified. Expression of the tyrosine kinases Lck, Fyn, and Syk was normal. The patient’s T cells were activated with two different pairs of mitogenic mAbs. CD2-induced phosphorylation of the zeta-chain and influx of Ca2+ was defective in the ZAP-70-deficient T cells, whereas CD2-induced phosphorylation of several other proteins, including Syk, was not affected. CD2-induced proliferation as well as production of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma was abrogated in ZAP-70-deficient T cells, whereas PMA plus ionomycin induced normal activation of these cells. Together, this study shows that CD2-activation triggers ZAP-70-dependent and -independent pathways. Deletion of ZAP-70 affected CD2- and CD3-mediated proliferation and cytokine production in a similar way, suggesting that one of the different CD2 pathways converges with a CD3 pathway at or upstream of the activation of ZAP-70.

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Année de publication : 1999

P Revy, C Hivroz, G Andreu, P Graber, C Martinache, A Fischer, A Durandy (1999 Jul 8)

Activation of the Janus kinase 3-STAT5a pathway after CD40 triggering of human monocytes but not of resting B cells.

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) : 787-93 En savoir plus
Résumé

CD40/CD40 ligand interactions play a key role in the immune responses of B lymphocytes, monocytes, and dendritic cells. The signal transduction events triggered by cross-linking of the CD40 receptor have been widely studied in B cell lines, but little is known about signaling following CD40 stimulation of monocytes and resting tonsillar B cells. Therefore, we studied the CD40 pathway in highly purified human monocytes and resting B cells. After CD40 triggering, a similar activation of the NF-kappaB (but not of the AP-1) transcription factor complex occurred in both cell preparations. However, the components of the NF-kappaB complexes were different in monocytes and B cells, because p50 is part of the NF-kappaB complex induced by CD40 triggering in both monocytes and B cells, whereas p65 was only induced in B cells. In contrast, although the Janus kinase 3 tyrosine kinase was associated with CD40 molecules in both monocytes and resting B cells, Janus kinase 3 phosphorylation induction was observed only in CD40-activated monocytes, with subsequent induction of STAT5a DNA binding activity in the nucleus. These results suggest that the activation signals in human B cells and monocytes differ following CD40 stimulation. This observation is consistent with the detection of normal CD40-induced monocyte activation in patients with CD40 ligand+ hyper IgM syndrome in whom a defect in CD40-induced B cell activation has been reported.

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Année de publication : 1998

E Jouanguy, S Lamhamedi-Cherradi, F Altare, M C Fondanèche, D Tuerlinckx, S Blanche, J F Emile, J L Gaillard, R Schreiber, M Levin, A Fischer, C Hivroz, J L Casanova (1998 Feb 12)

Partial interferon-gamma receptor 1 deficiency in a child with tuberculoid bacillus Calmette-Guérin infection and a sibling with clinical tuberculosis.

The Journal of clinical investigation : 2658-64 En savoir plus
Résumé

Complete interferon-gamma receptor 1 (IFNgammaR1) deficiency has been identified previously as a cause of fatal bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) infection with lepromatoid granulomas, and of disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection in children who had not been inoculated with BCG. We report here a kindred with partial IFNgammaR1 deficiency: one child afflicted by disseminated BCG infection with tuberculoid granulomas, and a sibling, who had not been inoculated previously with BCG, with clinical tuberculosis. Both responded to antimicrobials and are currently well without prophylactic therapy. Impaired response to IFN-gamma was documented in B cells by signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 nuclear translocation, in fibroblasts by cell surface HLA class II induction, and in monocytes by cell surface CD64 induction and TNF-alpha secretion. Whereas cells from healthy children responded to even low IFN-gamma concentrations (10 IU/ml), and cells from a child with complete IFNgammaR1 deficiency did not respond to even high IFN-gamma concentrations (10,000 IU/ml), cells from the two siblings did not respond to low or intermediate concentrations, yet responded to high IFN-gamma concentrations. A homozygous missense IFNgR1 mutation was identified, and its pathogenic role was ascertained by molecular complementation. Thus, whereas complete IFNgammaR1 deficiency in previously identified kindreds caused fatal lepromatoid BCG infection and disseminated NTM infection, partial IFNgammaR1 deficiency in this kindred caused curable tuberculoid BCG infection and clinical tuberculosis.

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Année de publication : 1997

V Lafont, T Fischer, R Zumbihl, S Faure, C Hivroz, B Rouot, J Favero (1997 Oct 28)

Evidence for a CD4-associated calcium influx independent of the phosphoinositide transduction pathway in human T cells.

European journal of immunology : 2261-8 En savoir plus
Résumé

We recently showed, using human Jurkat T cell variants lacking the T cell receptor (TCR)/CD3 complex, that the lectin jacalin is able to trigger intracellular calcium increase provided that CD4 is expressed on the cell surface. Involvement of the CD4 molecule in jacalin-induced biological effects was furthermore demonstrated in differentiated U937 myelomonocytic cells expressing or not expressing CD4, and is confirmed here in human CD4-transfected mouse thymoma cells. In the present paper, we analyze the CD4-associated calcium response triggered by jacalin independently of the TCR/CD3 complex. We show that the observed calcium rise results from a direct long-lasting calcium influx from the outside without release of calcium from intracellular stores. We demonstrate that it is independent of the phosphoinositide phospholipase C transduction pathway. Moreover, we show that this peculiar calcium response can be blocked by protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors (herbimycin and genistein) giving evidence of the involvement of a protein tyrosine kinase, the best candidate of which is the CD4-associated p56lck. Altogether, our results suggest that, independently of the TCR/CD3 complex, CD4 may be involved in the triggering of a calcium signal dependent on a protein tyrosine kinase and independent of the phosphoinositide transduction pathway.

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Année de publication : 1996

H Hacein-Bey, M Cavazzana-Calvo, F Le Deist, A Dautry-Varsat, C Hivroz, I Rivière, O Danos, J M Heard, K Sugamura, A Fischer, G De Saint Basile (1996 Apr 15)

gamma-c gene transfer into SCID X1 patients’ B-cell lines restores normal high-affinity interleukin-2 receptor expression and function.

Blood : 3108-16 En savoir plus
Résumé

SCID X1 is characterized by faulty T-cell and natural killer cell differentiation caused by mutation of the gamma-c chain gene encoding a number of multiple cytokine receptors (interleukin-2 [IL-2], IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, and IL-15 receptors). To assess the feasibility of inducing long-term expression and function of the gamma-c chain, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B-cell lines from two patients with SCID X1 were transduced with a Moloney-derived retroviral vector containing the gamma-c chain cDNA. The viral LTR was used as the promoter. Immediately after two cycles of coculture with the psi-crip clone producing the MFG(B2)-gamma-c cDNA vector, gamma-c expression, assessed by detection of the mRNA and membrane protein expression, was found in 15% to 20% of cells. The degree of membrane expression was similar to that in control EBV-B cells. Expression increased steadily over 6 months, becoming detectable in 100% of cells, and remained stable thereafter for a total of 9 months, reflecting positive selection of transduced cells. A study of provirus integration sites showed multiple integration. The expressed gamma-c was functional, because it restored high-affinity IL-2 receptor binding, IL-2 endocytosis, and IL-2-triggered phosphorylation of JAK-3 tyrosine kinase. Similar results were obtained with the two B-cell lines. These results show that efficient gamma-c gene transfer into B-cells lacking functional gamma-c is feasible and results in strong and stable expression of a functional gamma-c chain, apparently conferring a selective growth advantage in culture. Further in vitro studies of gamma-c gene transfer into gamma-c- hematopoietic progenitors are being conducted to assess the feasibility of correcting lymphocyte differentiation defects.

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Année de publication : 1995

F Le Deist, C Hivroz, M Partiseti, C Thomas, H A Buc, M Oleastro, B Belohradsky, D Choquet, A Fischer (1995 Feb 15)

A primary T-cell immunodeficiency associated with defective transmembrane calcium influx.

Blood : 1053-62 En savoir plus
Résumé

We investigated a T-cell activation deficiency in a 3-month-old boy with protracted diarrhea, serious cytomegalovirus pneumonia, and a family history (in a brother) of cytomegalovirus infection and toxoplasmosis. In spite of detection of normal number of peripheral lymphocytes, T cells did not proliferate after activation by anti-CD3 and anti-CD2 antibodies, although proliferation induced by antigens was detectable. We sought to determine the origin of this defect as it potentially represented a valuable tool to analyze T-cell physiology. T-cell activation by anti-CD3 antibody or phytohemagglutinin (PHA) led to reduced interleukin-2 (IL-2) production and abnormal nuclear factor-activated T cell (NF-AT; a complex regulating the IL-2 gene transcription) binding activity to a specific oligonucleotide. T-cell proliferation was restored by IL-2. Early events of T-cell activation, such as anti-CD3 antibody-induced cellular protein tyrosine phosphorylation, p59fyn and p56lck kinase activities, and phosphoinositide turnover, were found to be normal. In contrast, anti-CD3 antibody-induced Ca2+ flux was grossly abnormal. Release from endoplasmic reticulum stores was detectable as tested in the presence of anti-CD3 antibody or thapsigargin after cell membrane depolarization in a K+ rich medium, whereas extracellular entry of Ca2+ was defective. The latter abnormality was not secondary to defective K+ channel function, which was found to be normal. A similar defect was found in other hematopoietic cell lineages and in fibroblasts as evaluated by both cytometry and digital video imaging experiments at a single-cell level. This primary T-cell immunodeficiency appears, thus, to be due to defective Ca2+ entry through the plasma membrane. The same abnormality did not alter B-cell proliferation, platelet function, and polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) function. Elucidation of the mechanism underlying this defect would help to understand the physiology of Ca2+ mobilization in T cells.

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Année de publication : 1994

C Hivroz, A Fischer (1994 Aug 1)

Immunodeficiency diseases. Multiple roles for ZAP-70.

Current biology : CB : 731-3 En savoir plus
Résumé

Human patients with an immunodeficiency disease caused by mutations of the protein tyrosine kinase ZAP-70 show that this enzyme plays multiple important roles in T-cell differentiation and function.

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Année de publication : 1990

A Eljaafari, C Vaquero, J L Teillaud, G Bismuth, C Hivroz, I Dorval, A Bernard, G Sterkers (1990 Jul 1)

Helper or cytolytic functions can be selectively induced in bifunctional T cell clones.

The Journal of experimental medicine : 213-8 En savoir plus
Résumé

By using bifunctional T cell populations, we have shown in this report that elicitation of helper versus cytolytic function depends on the stimulatory signal at the membrane. Interestingly enough, the transduction of these signals is likely to be achieved via different metabolic pathways. Thus, helper function is associated with intracellular Ca2+ mobilization and PLC activation, while cytolysis can occur even in the absence of detectable levels of these second messengers. These results indicate that selective activation through the same membrane-transducing molecule may orientate T cell function through qualitatively or quantitatively different second messengers. This would be an important part of immune regulation.

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