Publications de l’unité
Année de publication : 2017
Dynamic transfer applied to secondary ion imaging over large scanned fields with the nanoSIMS 50 at high mass resolutionNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms : 412 : 123-173 : DOI : 10.1016/j.nimb.2017.06.019 En savoir plus
Abstract Dynamic transfer is an adaptive optical approach used for coupling a scanning ion probe with the mass spectrometer designed for analyzing sputtered ions emanating from the probe impact. Its tuning is of crucial importance for getting uniform signal collection over large scanning fields and therefore scanning images free of vignetting in a context of high mass resolution. Revisiting the optical design of the NanoSIMS 50 instrument, where the same set of lenses focuses the primary ion probe on the sample and collects secondary ions from the sample, led us to develop novel experimental procedures to achieve dynamic transfer tuning and overcome instrumental imperfections. It is the case for scanning distortion that may be induced by the octopole used for correcting probe astigmatism and may cause irreducible vignetting on scanning images. We show that it is possible to develop complete tuning procedures by compromising temporarily on the sharpness of the probe focus. Most importantly, we show that, in a context of high mass resolution, the transfer does not significantly disturb isotopic ratios over large scanned fields provided external coils are properly adjusted to compensate ambient magnetic fields.
Deepening the procedures led us to demonstrate that the scanning center of the probe may not coincide with the imaging center of COOL, Coaxial Objective Lenses forming the probe and extracting secondary ions. We have checked that bringing those two centers into coincidence resulted in a better image quality over large fields.
In the present work, we show how to handle the secondary beam in order to position it before it enters the spectrometer. That capability is essential for optimizing transmission at high mass resolution by aligning the secondary beam axis on a given entrance axis of the spectrometer.
These results led us to propose several instrumental improvements including the crucial interest of an additional octopole upstream in the primary ion probe column to prevent scanning distortion when performing astigmatism correction and the possibility of offsetting primary beam deviating plates to bring scanning and imaging centers in coincidence.Replier
Membrane association of the bacterial riboregulator Hfq and functional perspectives.Scientific reports : 7 : 10724 : DOI : 10.1038/s41598-017-11157-5 En savoir plus
Hfq is a bacterial RNA binding protein that carries out several roles in genetic expression regulation, mainly at the post-transcriptional level. Previous studies have shown its importance in growth and virulence of bacteria. Here, we provide the direct observation of its ability to interact with membranes. This was established by co-sedimentation assay, cryo-transmission electron (cryo-TEM) and atomic force (AFM) microscopies. Furthermore, our results suggest a role for its C-terminus amyloidogenic domain in membrane disruption. Precisely, AFM images of lipid bilayers in contact with Hfq C-terminus fibrils show the emergence of holes with a size dependent on the time of interaction. Cryo-TEM observations also show that liposomes are in contact with clusters of fibrils, with occasional deformation of the vesicles and afterward the apparition of a multitude of tiny vesicles in the proximity of the fibrils, suggesting peptide-induced breakage of the liposomes. Finally, circular dichroism spectroscopy demonstrated a change in the secondary structure of Hfq C-terminus upon interaction with liposomes. Altogether, these results show an unexpected property of Hfq and suggest a possible new role for the protein, exporting sRNA outside of the bacterial cell.Replier
LNA effects on DNA binding and conformation: from single strand to duplex and triplex structuresSCIENTIFIC REPORTS : 7 : DOI : 10.1038/s41598-017-09147-8 En savoir plus
The anti-gene strategy is based on sequence-specific recognition of double-strand DNA by triplex forming (TFOs) or DNA strand invading oligonucleotides to modulate gene expression. To be efficient, the oligonucleotides (ONs) should target DNA selectively, with high affinity. Here we combined hybridization analysis and electrophoretic mobility shift assay with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to better understand the underlying structural features of modified ONs in stabilizing duplex-and triplex structures. Particularly, we investigated the role played by the position and number of locked nucleic acid (LNA) substitutions in the ON when targeting a c-MYC or FXN (Frataxin) sequence. We found that LNA-containing single strand TFOs are conformationally pre-organized for major groove binding. Reduced content of LNA at consecutive positions at the 3′-end of a TFO destabilizes the triplex structure, whereas the presence of Twisted Intercalating Nucleic Acid (TINA) at the 3′-end of the TFO increases the rate and extent of triplex formation. A triplex-specific intercalating benzoquinoquinoxaline (BQQ) compound highly stabilizes LNA-containing triplex structures. Moreover, LNA-substitution in the duplex pyrimidine strand alters the double helix structure, affecting x-displacement, slide and twist favoring triplex formation through enhanced TFO major groove accommodation. Collectively, these findings should facilitate the design of potent anti-gene ONs.Replier
Identification of pyrrolopyrimidine derivative PP-13 as a novel microtubule-destabilizing agent with promising anticancer properties.Scientific reports : 10209 : DOI : 10.1038/s41598-017-09491-9 En savoir plus
Despite the emergence of targeted therapies and immunotherapy, chemotherapy remains the gold-standard for the treatment of most patients with solid malignancies. Spindle poisons that interfere with microtubule dynamics are commonly used in chemotherapy drug combinations. However, their troublesome side effects and the emergence of chemoresistance highlight the need for identifying alternative agents. We performed a high throughput cell-based screening and selected a pyrrolopyrimidine molecule (named PP-13). In the present study, we evaluated its anticancer properties in vitro and in vivo. We showed that PP-13 exerted cytotoxic effects on various cancer cells, including those resistant to current targeted therapies and chemotherapies. PP-13 induced a transient mitotic blockade by interfering with both mitotic spindle organization and microtubule dynamics and finally led to mitotic slippage, aneuploidy and direct apoptotic death. PP-13 was identified as a microtubule-targeting agent that binds directly to the colchicine site in β-tubulin. Interestingly, PP-13 overcame the multidrug-resistant cancer cell phenotype and significantly reduced tumour growth and metastatic invasiveness without any noticeable toxicity for the chicken embryo in vivo. Overall, PP-13 appears to be a novel synthetic microtubule inhibitor with interesting anticancer properties and could be further investigated as a potent alternative for the management of malignancies including chemoresistant ones.Replier