Investigation préclinique

Publications

Année de publication : 2018

Caroline Spasojevic, Elisabetta Marangoni, Sophie Vacher, Franck Assayag, Didier Meseure, Sophie Château-Joubert, Martine Humbert, Manale Karam, Jean Marc Ricort, Christian Auclair, Marie Regairaz, Ivan Bièche (2018 May 26)

PKD1 is a potential biomarker and therapeutic target in triple-negative breast cancer.

Oncotarget : 23208-23219 : DOI : 10.18632/oncotarget.25292 En savoir plus
Résumé

Protein Kinase D1 (PKD1) is a serine/threonine kinase encoded by the gene. PKD1 has been previously shown to be a prognostic factor in ERα+ tamoxifen-resistant breast tumors and PKD1 overexpression confers estrogen independence to ERα+ MCF7 cells. In the present study, our goal was to determine whether PKD1 is a prognostic factor and/or a relevant therapeutic target in breast cancer. We analyzed mRNA levels in 527 primary breast tumors. We found that high mRNA levels were significantly and independently associated with a low metastasis-free survival in the whole breast cancer population and in the triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtype specifically. High mRNA levels were also associated with a low overall survival in TNBC. We identified novel PKD1 inhibitors and assessed their antitumor activity in TNBC cell lines and in a TNBC patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model. Pharmacological inhibition and siRNA-mediated depletion of PKD1 reduced colony formation in MDA-MB-436 TNBC cells. PKD1 inhibition also reduced tumor growth in a TNBC PDX model. Together, these results establish PKD1 as a poor prognostic factor and a potential therapeutic target in TNBC.

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Didier Decaudin, Rania El Botty, Béré Diallo, Gerald Massonnet, Justine Fleury, Adnan Naguez, Chloé Raymondie, Emma Davies, Aaron Smith, Joanne Wilson, Colin Howes, Paul D Smith, Nathalie Cassoux, Sophie Piperno-Neumann, Sergio Roman-Roman, Fariba Némati (2018 May 19)

Selumetinib-based therapy in uveal melanoma patient-derived xenografts.

Oncotarget : 21674-21686 : DOI : 10.18632/oncotarget.24670 En savoir plus
Résumé

The prognosis of metastatic uveal melanoma (UM) is among the worst of all human cancers. The identification of near-ubiquitous GNAQ/GNA11 mutations and the activation of MAPK signaling in UM have raised hopes of more effective, targeted therapies, based on MEK inhibition, for example. We evaluated the potential of drug combinations to increase the efficacy of the MEK inhibitor selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886), in UM cell lines and Patient-Derived Xenografts. We first evaluated the combination of selumetinib and DTIC. We found that DTIC did not improve the or antitumor efficacy of selumetinib, consistent with the outcome of the SUMIT clinical trial assessing the efficacy of this combination in UM. We then tested additional selumetinib combinations with the chemotherapy agent docetaxel, the ERK inhibitor AZ6197, and the mTORC1/2 inhibitor, vistusertib (AZD2014). Combinations of selumetinib with ERK and mTORC1/2 inhibitors appeared to be the most effective in UM PDX models.

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Elisabetta Marangoni, Cécile Laurent, Florence Coussy, Rania El-Botty, Sophie Château-Joubert, Jean-Luc Servely, Ludmilla de Plater, Franck Assayag, Ahmed Dahmani, Elodie Montaudon, Fariba Nemati, Justine Fleury, Sophie Vacher, David Gentien, Audrey Rapinat, Pierre Foidart, Nor Eddine Sounni, Agnès Noel, Anne Vincent-Salomon, Marick Lae, Didier Decaudin, Sergio Roman-Roman, Ivan Bièche, Martine Piccart, Fabien Reyal (2018 Feb 22)

Capecitabine Efficacy Is Correlated with TYMP and RB1 Expression in PDX Established from Triple-Negative Breast Cancers.

Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research : 2605-2615 : DOI : 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-3490 En savoir plus
Résumé

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients with residual disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy have a poor outcome. We developed patient-derived xenografts (PDX) from residual tumors to identify efficient chemotherapies and predictive biomarkers in a context of resistance to anthracyclines- and taxanes-based treatments. PDX were established from residual tumors of primary breast cancer patients treated in neoadjuvant setting. TNBC PDX were treated by anthracyclines, taxanes, platins, and capecitabine. Predictive biomarkers were identified by transcriptomic and immunohistologic analysis. Downregulation of was performed by siRNA in a cell line established from a PDX. Residual TNBC PDX were characterized by a high tumor take, a short latency, and a poor prognosis of the corresponding patients. With the exception of BRCA1/2-mutated models, residual PDX were resistant to anthracyclines, taxanes, and platins. Capecitabine, the oral prodrug of 5-FU, was highly efficient in 60% of PDX, with two models showing complete responses. Prior treatment of a responder PDX with 5-FU increased expression of thymidylate synthase and decreased efficacy of capecitabine. Transcriptomic and IHC analyses of 32 TNBC PDX, including both residual tumors and treatment-naïve derived tumors, identified RB1 and TYMP proteins as predictive biomarkers for capecitabine response. Finally, knockdown in a cell line established from a capecitabine-responder PDX decreased sensitivity to 5-FU treatment. We identified capecitabine as efficient chemotherapy in TNBC PDX models established from residual disease and resistant to anthracyclines, taxanes, and platins. RB1 positivity and high expression of TYMP were significantly associated with capecitabine response. .

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Année de publication : 2017

Houcine Bougherara, Fariba Némati, André Nicolas, Gérald Massonnet, Martine Pugnière, Charlotte Ngô, Marie-Aude Le Frère-Belda, Alexandra Leary, Jérôme Alexandre, Didier Meseure, Jean-Marc Barret, Isabelle Navarro-Teulon, André Pèlegrin, Sergio Roman-Roman, Jean-François Prost, Emmanuel Donnadieu, Didier Decaudin (2017 Dec 17)

The humanized anti-human AMHRII mAb 3C23K exerts an anti-tumor activity against human ovarian cancer through tumor-associated macrophages.

Oncotarget : 99950-99965 : DOI : 10.18632/oncotarget.21556 En savoir plus
Résumé

Müllerian inhibiting substance, also called anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of AMH type II receptor-positive tumor cells, such as human ovarian cancers (OCs). On this basis, a humanized glyco-engineered monoclonal antibody (3C23K) has been developed. The aim of this study was therefore to experimentally confirm the therapeutic potential of 3C23K in human OCs. We first determined by immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry and cytofluorometry analyses the expression of AMHRII in patient’s tumors and found that a majority (60 to 80% depending on the detection technique) of OCs were positive for this marker. We then provided evidence that the tumor stroma of OC is enriched in tumor-associated macrophages and that these cells are responsible for 3C23K-induced killing of tumor cells through ADCP and ADCC mechanisms. In addition, we showed that 3C23K reduced macrophages induced-T cells immunosuppression. Finally, we evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of 3C23K alone and in combination with a carboplatin-paclitaxel chemotherapy in a panel of OC Patient-Derived Xenografts. In those experiments, we showed that 3C23K significantly increased the proportion and the quality of chemotherapy-based responses. Altogether, our data support the potential interest of AMHRII targeting in human ovarian cancers and the evaluation of 3C23K in further clinical trials.

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F Coussy, F Lallemand, S Vacher, A Schnitzler, W Chemlali, M Caly, A Nicolas, S Richon, D Meseure, R El Botty, L De-Plater, L Fuhrmann, T Dubois, S Roman-Roman, V Dangles-Marie, E Marangoni, I Bièche (2017 May 5)

Clinical value of R-spondins in triple-negative and metaplastic breast cancers.

British journal of cancer : 1595-1603 : DOI : 10.1038/bjc.2017.131 En savoir plus
Résumé

RSPO ligands, activators of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, are overexpressed in different cancers. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of RSPOs in breast cancer (BC).

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Année de publication : 2016

Didier Decaudin, Christophe Le Tourneau (2016 Oct 27)

Combinations of targeted therapies in human cancers.

Aging : 2258-2259 : DOI : 10.18632/aging.101085 En savoir plus
Résumé

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T Huibertus van Essen, Sake I van Pelt, Inge H G Bronkhorst, Mieke Versluis, Fariba Némati, Cécile Laurent, Gregorius P M Luyten, Thorbald van Hall, Peter J van den Elsen, Pieter A van der Velden, Didier Decaudin, Martine J Jager (2016 Oct 21)

Upregulation of HLA Expression in Primary Uveal Melanoma by Infiltrating Leukocytes.

PloS one : e0164292 : DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0164292 En savoir plus
Résumé

Uveal melanoma (UM) with an inflammatory phenotype, characterized by infiltrating leukocytes and increased human leukocyte antigen (HLA) expression, carry an increased risk of death due to metastases. These tumors should be ideal for T-cell based therapies, yet it is not clear why prognostically-infaust tumors have a high HLA expression. We set out to determine whether the level of HLA molecules in UM is associated with other genetic factors, HLA transcriptional regulators, or microenvironmental factors.

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