Génomique

Publications

Année de publication : 2013

Manuel Jorge Rodrigues, David Gentien, Marc-Henri Stern, Laurence Desjardins, Jérôme Couturier (2013 Jul 27)

Genomic amplification is not a frequent event in uveal melanomas.

The American journal of pathology : 638 : DOI : 10.1016/j.ajpath.2013.04.032 En savoir plus
Résumé

This Correspondence relates to the article by Lake et al that reported copy number and genotyping analysis on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples using genome-wide SNP arrays version 6.0.

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Cristovão Moreira Sousa, John Russel McGuire, Morgane Sonia Thion, David Gentien, Pierre de la Grange, Sophie Tezenas du Montcel, Anne Vincent-Salomon, Alexandra Durr, Sandrine Humbert (2013 Jan 10)

The Huntington disease protein accelerates breast tumour development and metastasis through ErbB2/HER2 signalling.

EMBO molecular medicine : 309-25 : DOI : 10.1002/emmm.201201546 En savoir plus
Résumé

In Huntington disease (HD), polyglutamine expansion in the huntingtin protein causes specific neuronal death. The consequences of the presence of mutant huntingtin in other tissues are less well understood. Here we propose that mutant huntingtin influences breast cancer progression. Indeed, we show that mammary tumours appear earlier in mouse breast cancer models expressing mutant huntingtin as compared to control mice expressing wild-type huntingtin. Tumours bearing mutant huntingtin have a modified gene expression pattern that reflects enhanced aggressiveness with the overexpression of genes favouring invasion and metastasis. In agreement, mutant huntingtin accelerates epithelial to mesenchymal transition and enhances cell motility and invasion. Also, lung metastasis is higher in HD conditions than in control mice. Finally, we report that in HD, the dynamin dependent endocytosis of the ErbB2/HER2 receptor tyrosine kinase is reduced. This leads to its accumulation and to subsequent increases in cell motility and proliferation. Our study may thus have important implications for both cancer and HD.

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Année de publication : 2011

P Cottu, E Marangoni, F Assayag, P de Cremoux, A Vincent-Salomon, Ch Guyader, L de Plater, C Elbaz, N Karboul, J J Fontaine, S Chateau-Joubert, P Boudou-Rouquette, S Alran, V Dangles-Marie, D Gentien, M-F Poupon, D Decaudin (2011 Oct 18)

Modeling of response to endocrine therapy in a panel of human luminal breast cancer xenografts.

Breast cancer research and treatment : 595-606 : DOI : 10.1007/s10549-011-1815-5 En savoir plus
Résumé

Resistance to endocrine therapy is a major complication of luminal breast cancer and studies of the biological features of hormonal resistance are limited by the lack of adequate preclinical models. The aim of this study is to establish and characterize a panel of primary human luminal breast carcinoma xenografts, and to evaluate their response to endocrine therapies. Four hundred and twenty-three tumor fragments obtained directly from patients have been grafted in the interscapular fatpad of Swiss nude mice. After stable engraftment with estradiol supplementation, xenografted tumors have been validated by conventional pathology and immunohistochemistry examination, and additional molecular studies. In vivo tumor growth and response to different endocrine treatments were evaluated. We have engrafted 423 tumors including 314 ER+ tumors, and 8 new luminal breast cancer xenografts have been obtained (2.5%). Tumor take was much lower for luminal tumors than for non-luminal tumors (2.5 vs. 24.7%, P < 0.0001), and was associated with two independent criteria, i.e., ER status (P < 0.0001) and a high grade tumor (P = 0.05). Histological and immunohistochemical analyses performed on patient's tumors and xenografts showed striking similarities in the tumor morphology as well as in the expression level of ER, PR, and HER2. Response to hormone therapy, evaluated in 6 luminal models, showed different sensitivities, thus exhibiting heterogeneity similar to what is observed in the clinic. We have established a panel of primary human luminal breast cancer xenografts, recapitulating the biological and clinical behaviors of patient tumors, and therefore suitable for further preclinical experiments.

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Debbie Montjean, Pierre De La Grange, David Gentien, Audrey Rapinat, Stéphanie Belloc, Paul Cohen-Bacrie, Yves Menezo, Moncef Benkhalifa (2011 Oct 13)

Sperm transcriptome profiling in oligozoospermia.

Journal of assisted reproduction and genetics : 3-10 : DOI : 10.1007/s10815-011-9644-3 En savoir plus
Résumé

Investigate in what extent sperm transcriptome of infertile men is different from that of fertile individuals.

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Année de publication : 2009

Mathieu Clément-Ziza, David Gentien, Stanislas Lyonnet, Jean-Paul Thiery, Claude Besmond, Charles Decraene (2009 May 28)

Evaluation of methods for amplification of picogram amounts of total RNA for whole genome expression profiling.

BMC genomics : 246 : DOI : 10.1186/1471-2164-10-246 En savoir plus
Résumé

For more than a decade, microarrays have been a powerful and widely used tool to explore the transcriptome of biological systems. However, the amount of biological material from cell sorting or laser capture microdissection is much too small to perform microarray studies. To address this issue, RNA amplification methods have been developed to generate sufficient targets from picogram amounts of total RNA to perform microarray hybridisation.

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Année de publication : 2008

Clotilde Billottet, Marianne Tuefferd, David Gentien, Audrey Rapinat, Jean-Paul Thiery, Philippe Broët, Jacqueline Jouanneau (2008 Jan 15)

Modulation of several waves of gene expression during FGF-1 induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition of carcinoma cells.

Journal of cellular biochemistry : 826-39 : DOI : 10.1002/jcb.21667 En savoir plus
Résumé

During epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), epithelial cells are converted into isolated motile and invasive mesenchymal cells. In model systems, EMT is induced most often by the activation of tyrosine kinase receptors through signaling pathways involving translational and post-translational regulation. In this study, we have used the NBT-II bladder carcinoma cell system to investigate in vitro Fibroblast Growth Factor-1 (FGF-1)-induced EMT. Transcriptome analyses were performed on NBT-II cells stimulated for 2, 6, 24, and 48 h with FGF-1. As some phenotypic changes occurred around 6 h post-stimulation, a supervised analysis was designed to identify transcript variations across defined time-periods. Our results clearly indicate that immediately after FGF-1 stimulation a set of genes assigned to transcriptional regulation (e.g., jun-B and v-ets) and to EMT induction (e.g., Notch 1) is transiently up-regulated. A set of genes involved in proteolytic systems (e.g., MMP-13 and uPAR) is immediately up-regulated but subsequently maintained throughout FGF-1 stimulation. Then follows a second wave of gene expression that includes a strong but transient up-regulation of ephrin B1 and arginase I. Finally, a third group of genes is stably modulated over 48 h which consists primarily of down-regulated genes specifically associated with the EMT-based loss of the epithelial phenotype and maintenance of the mesenchymal and invasive phenotype of carcinoma cells. Using genome-wide oligoarray technology, we have identified novel expressions of immediate, immediate-early and later EMT biomarkers that are specifically activated downstream of the FGF/FGFR pathway and which might be significant prognostic factors for tumor progression of carcinoma.

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Année de publication : 2007

Virginie N Dupont, David Gentien, Marine Oberkampf, Yann De Rycke, Nathalie Blin (2007 Apr 24)

A gene expression signature associated with metastatic cells in effusions of breast carcinoma patients.

International journal of cancer : 1036-46 En savoir plus
Résumé

Malignant effusion in invasive breast carcinoma is associated with poor prognosis. To decipher molecular events leading to metastasis and to identify reliable markers for targeted therapies are of crucial need. Therefore, we have used cDNA microarrays to delineate molecular signatures associated with metastasis and relapse in breast carcinoma effusions. Taking advantage of an immunomagnetic method, we have purified to homogeneity EpCAM-positive cells from 34 malignant effusions. Immunopurified cells represented as much as 10% of the whole cell fraction and their epithelial and carcinoma features were confirmed by immunofluorescence labeling. Gene expression profiles of 19 immunopurified effusion samples, were analyzed using human pan-genomic microarrays, and compared with those of 4 corresponding primary tumors, 8 breast carcinoma effusion-derived cell lines, and 4 healthy mammary tissues. Principal component and multiple clustering analyses of microarray data, clearly identified distinctive molecular portraits corresponding to the 4 categories of specimens. Of uppermost interest, effusion samples were arranged in 2 subsets on the basis of their gene expression patterns. The first subset partly shares a gene expression signature with the different cell lines, and overexpresses CD24, CD44 and epithelial cytokeratins 8,18,19. The second subset overexpresses markers related to aggressive invasive carcinoma (uPA receptor, S100A4, vimentin, CXCR4). These findings demonstrate the importance of using pure cell fractions to accurately decipher in silico gene expression of clinical specimens. Further studies will lead to the identification of genes of oustanding importance to diagnose malignant effusion, predict survival and tailor appropriate therapies to the metastatic effusion disease in breast carcinoma patients.

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Année de publication : 2006

Nicolas Cagnard, Franck Letourneur, Abdellatif Essabbani, Valérie Devauchelle, Sylvie Mistou, Audrey Rapinat, Charles Decraene, Catherine Fournier, Gilles Chiocchia (2006 Feb 9)

Interleukin-32, CCL2, PF4F1 and GFD10 are the only cytokine/chemokine genes differentially expressed by in vitro cultured rheumatoid and osteoarthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes.

European cytokine network : 289-92 En savoir plus
Résumé

Since cytokines and chemokines are important actors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the aim of this study was to compare the gene expression profiles in cultured fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) obtained from patients with either RA, or osteoarthritis (OA), focusing our analysis on genes for cytokines and chemokines, and their respective receptors. Gene expression in cultured FLS (third passage) from eight patients with RA (RA-FLS) were compared with gene expression in cultured FLS from nine patients with OA (OA-FLS) using Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array microarray, allowing analysis of over 54,000 transcripts. Among the 171 genes studied (241 probes), limiting the selection of differentially expressed genes to a significant value (p < 0.05), and a differential ratio of expression > 1.6, only four genes, namely IL-32, CCL2, PF4F1 and GDF10 were found to be differentially expressed. Out of these four genes, only higher expression of CCL2 has been reported previously in RA. The newly described cytokine IL-32 was the most prominently differentially expressed gene in the present study, with higher expression in RA-FLS than in OA-FLS (p < 0.0073). IL-32 might have a previously unidentified pivotal role in RA.

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Année de publication : 1990

S M Neill, M Lessana-Leibowitch, M Pelisse, M Moyal-Barracco (1990 Jun 1)

Lichen sclerosus, invasive squamous cell carcinoma, and human papillomavirus.

American journal of obstetrics and gynecology : 1633-4 En savoir plus
Résumé

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C Eugène, M Stablo, L Wesenfelder, M L Anciaux, A Fingerhut, J C Etienne, A Bergue (1990 Jan 1)

[Invalidating polyarthritis in chronic pancreatitis. Recovery by pancreaticojejunostomy].

Gastroenterologie clinique et biologique : 1019-22 En savoir plus
Résumé

A 38 year-old man presented with migratory joint arthropathy. He complained of abdominal pain, diarrhea and weight loss for 2 years. Periarticular needle aspiration yielded cytosteatonecrosis. The diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis was based on the results of ultrasound, CT scan, and endoscopic retrograde pancreatography. The latter showed a dilated and moniliform main pancreatic duct. Failure of symptomatic medical treatment of arthritis led to perform pancreaticojejunostomy which was followed immediately by complete relief of arthritic symptoms. During pancreatic disease, whether malignant or benign, joint involvement is often associated with bone, cutaneous, serosal, and multiorgan involvement. The pathogenesis and therapy of joint lesions in pancreatic disease are controversed. Surgical treatment of the causative disease, and especially pancreaticojejunostomy should undoubtedly be considered more often.

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